Georgia manufacturing index for November reveals lingering weakness and volatility
Manufacturing index down 5.4 points due to decline in new orders, employment and finished
(Dec 2, 2009) — Manufacturing index down 5.4 points due to decline in new orders, employment and finished
inventory, says KSU economics professor
KENNESAW, Ga. (Dec. 2, 2009) — Manufacturing activity in Georgia slipped in November after solid growth the previous
month, according to the Econometric Center at Kennesaw State University’s Coles College
Georgia’s Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) — a reading of economic activity in the state’s
manufacturing sector — for November was 43.5, down 5.4 points from October.
The latest numbers indicate that Georgia’s manufacturing sector remains weak and volatile.
The PMI shrank in November –– after a gain of 4.3 points in October –– due to a sharp
decline in new orders, leading to drops in employment and finished inventory.
“Manufacturers have no confidence that their markets are on the rebound,” said Don
Sabbarese, professor of economics and director of the Econometric Center at the Coles
College of Business. “They can’t get a firm handle on where demand is going and are
reluctant to hire more workers.”
There is, however, a silver lining in the November report, Sabbarese explained. Some
47.8 percent of survey respondents –– up from 32.1 percent in October –– expect their
production to increase in the next three to six months, while only 26 percent expect
it to decline.
Highlights of the November PMI include:
· Employment remains weak, with only 8.7 percent of survey respondents reporting an
increase in hiring, while 26.1 percent are still laying off workers
· 34.8 percent of survey respondents reported higher new orders in November, but 39.1
percent reported lower orders
· 34.8 percent of respondents reported higher production, the same percent as respondents
who reported lower production
· Commodity prices remain high at 63 –– 7.3 points above the six-month average –– and
no respondents reported lower prices
The Georgia PMI provides a snapshot of manufacturing activity in the state, just as
the monthly PMI released by the Institute for Supply Management provides a picture
of national manufacturing activity. A PMI reading above 50 indicates that manufacturing
activity is expanding; a reading below 50 indicates it is contracting. The national
PMI for November was 53.6, down 2.1 points from October.
The Georgia PMI reading is a composite of five variables — new orders, production,
employment, supply deliveries and finished inventory. A sixth variable, commodity
prices, is compiled by the Coles College’s Econometric Center but does not go into
the PMI calculation.
The PMI, compiled from a monthly survey of manufacturers, is the earliest indicator
of market conditions in the sector. Since manufacturing –– which accounts for 11 percent
of GDP –– is sensitive to changes in the economy, it can also reveal changing macroeconomic
The PMI’s value is in its timeliness and sensitivity to variables such as interest
rates, global markets and other economic changes. The Georgia PMI provides valuable data used by institutions such as the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta to assist in their analysis of current economic conditions, along with many other
data sources, to get a picture of economic activity.
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